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What are pulmonary choking agents?

What are pulmonary choking agents?

Pulmonary agents (also known as “choking” agents) compose a class of chemical compounds that disrupt normal breathing. They encompass a wide array of gases, including chlorine, ammonia, phosgene, organohalides, and nitrogen oxides.

Is cyanide a choking agent?

They are blood agents that interfere with the use of oxygen in the body. But cyanogen chloride has strong irritating and choking effects on the eyes and respiratory tract, unlike hydrogen cyanide. Liquid forms of cyanide will burn skin and eyes. Cyanide acts quickly, but only large amounts are deadly.

Which of the following pulmonary agents is the most toxic?

Phosgene is the most dangerous commonly used pulmonary agent (although disulfur decafluoride and perfluoroisobutene are both even more dangerous, with respectively 4 and 10 times the lethality of phosgene, neither is widely used). It is a colorless gas under ordinary conditions.

What are two types of choking agents?

Choking agent

  • A choking agent, also called a pulmonary agent, is a type of chemical weapon.
  • The most common examples of choking agents are chlorine and phosgene.
  • Phosgene can be a liquid or a gas.
  • Along with being a choking agent, phosgene is also a blood agent.

What is the most available explosive agent?

Here are five of these non-nuclear chemicals which all explode via the rapid release of gas.

  • TNT. One of the most commonly known explosive chemicals is trinitrotoluene, or TNT, which has featured extensively in video games and films.
  • TATP.
  • RDX.
  • PETN.
  • Aziroazide azide.

What are symptoms of choking agents?

What are the symptoms of choking agent poisoning?

  • Burning or teary eyes.
  • Burning feeling in your nose or throat, or on your skin.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Coughing or wheezing.
  • A heart rate that is faster than normal for you.
  • Coughing up bloody phlegm.
  • Painful breathing or shortness of breath.

What smells like garlic but is toxic?

What arsine is. Arsine is a colorless, flammable, non-irritating toxic gas with a mild garlic odor. Arsine is formed when arsenic comes in contact with an acid.

What agent is cyanide?

List of blood agents

Agent Description Field stability
Hydrogen cyanide Colorless gas or liquid, almond odor, burns with a bluish flame. 10
Cyanogen Colorless gas, almond odor, burns with a pinkish flame having a blue border. 8
Cyanogen chloride Colorless gas or liquid, pungent and biting odor, soluble in water and alcohol. 9

What poison makes you choke?

Choking agent poisoning happens when you are exposed to a harmful chemical, such as phosgene or chlorine. Phosgene is used to make dyes, plastics, and pesticides.

What are the symptoms of nerve agent exposure?

Regardless of the route of exposure, nerve agents can cause the following characteristic effects:

  • pinpoint pupils of the eye.
  • excessive production of mucous, tears, saliva and sweat.
  • headache.
  • stomach pain, nausea and vomiting.
  • chest tightness and shortness of breath.
  • loss of bladder and bowel control.
  • muscle twitching.

Is chlorine a choking agent?

Chlorine gas was first used as a chemical weapon on a large-scale during World War 1 in the Second Battle of Ypres and is considered a choking agent.

What type of explosive is widely used by the military?

❖ TNT is one of the most widely used military high explosives, partly because of its insensitivity to shock and friction.