Table of Contents
- 1 Who controlled the Byzantine Empire?
- 2 What were the two large regions that the Byzantine Empire controlled?
- 3 Who controlled education in the Byzantine Empire?
- 4 Did Byzantine families value education?
- 5 Who was Justinian the first?
- 6 Are there any Byzantines left?
- 7 What are five of Justinian’s accomplishments?
- 8 What made Justinian a good ruler?
- 9 What did the people of the Byzantine Empire call themselves?
- 10 Which is the legitimate continuation of the Byzantine Empire?
Who controlled the Byzantine Empire?
Its remaining territories were progressively annexed by the Ottomans in the Byzantine–Ottoman wars over the 14th and 15th centuries. The fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 ended the Byzantine Empire….Byzantine Empire.
|Preceded by||Succeeded by|
|Roman Empire||Ottoman Empire|
What were the two large regions that the Byzantine Empire controlled?
At its greatest extent, the Byzantine Empire covered much of the land surrounding the Mediterranean Sea, including what is now Italy, Greece, and Turkey along with portions of North Africa and the Middle East.
Who controlled education in the Byzantine Empire?
In the 11th century, Constantine IX established new schools of philosophy and law at the Capitol School in Constantinople. Both survived until the 12th century, when the school under the control of the patriarch of Constantinople—with teachers of grammar, rhetoric, and biblical studies—gained predominance.
What is Byzantine called today?
Byzantium (/bɪˈzæntiəm, -ʃəm/) or Byzantion (Greek: Βυζάντιον) was an ancient Greek city in classical antiquity that became known as Constantinople in late antiquity and Istanbul today.
What language did the Byzantines speak?
Though Byzantium was ruled by Roman law and Roman political institutions, and its official language was Latin, Greek was also widely spoken, and students received education in Greek history, literature and culture.
Did Byzantine families value education?
The educational system of the Byzantine Empire was in large part that inherited from the Hellenistic/Roman past. Schools were private and parents who wanted their children to receive a good (or even average) education had to pay tuition fees (misthos or siteresion).
Who was Justinian the first?
Who was Justinian I? Justinian I served as emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 527 to 565. Justinian is best remembered for his work as a legislator and codifier. During his reign, Justinian reorganized the government of the Byzantine Empire and enacted several reforms to increase accountability and reduce corruption.
Are there any Byzantines left?
The existence of genuine male-line descendants of any Byzantine emperor today is considered doubtful.
Are Byzantines Greek or Roman?
Though largely Greek-speaking and Christian, the Byzantines called themselves “Romaioi,” or Romans, and they still subscribed to Roman law and reveled in Roman culture and games.
What is the religion of the Byzantine Empire?
The Empire gave rise to the Eastern Orthodox Church. Byzantium was almost always a Christian empire, but over the centuries its Greek-speaking church developed distinct liturgical differences from the Catholic, Latin-speaking church in the West.
What are five of Justinian’s accomplishments?
The long reign of Justinian resulted in attempts to recover lost western provinces from barbarian control, the codification of Roman law, & construction of Hagia Sophia.
- Codification of Roman law.
- Construction of Hagia Sophia.
- Expansion of the Empire and Recovery in the West.
- Justinian’s Legacy.
What made Justinian a good ruler?
Justinian I served as emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 527 to 565. Justinian is best remembered for his work as a legislator and codifier. During his reign, Justinian reorganized the government of the Byzantine Empire and enacted several reforms to increase accountability and reduce corruption.
What did the people of the Byzantine Empire call themselves?
The inhabitants called themselves Romaioi and even as late as the 19th century Greeks typically referred to Modern Greek as Romaiika “Romaic”. After 1204 when the Byzantine Empire was mostly confined to its purely Greek provinces the term ‘Hellenes’ was increasingly used instead.
How did Alexander the Great influence the Byzantine Empire?
The Byzantine Empire was influenced by the Hellenistic culture created by the conquests of Alexander the Great. Learning and trade thrived in the Byzantine Empire. As you read in a previous chapter, Emperor Constantine ended the persecution of Christians, and Emperor Theodosius made Christianity the official state religion of the Roman Empire.
What kind of Christianity was practiced in Byzantium?
The type of Christianity practiced in Byzantium was called Eastern Orthodox. Eastern Orthodox Christianity is still practiced today. The head of the Eastern Orthodox Church is called the Patriarch of Constantinople. There were also men called bishops in the major cities of the Empire.
Which is the legitimate continuation of the Byzantine Empire?
^ Between 1204 and 1261 there was an interregnum when the Empire was divided into the Empire of Nicaea, the Empire of Trebizond and the Despotate of Epirus, which were all contenders for rule of the Empire. The Empire of Nicaea is considered the legitimate continuation of the Byzantine Empire because it managed to retake Constantinople.