Menu Close

Who ended the Catholic persecution of the French Huguenots?

Who ended the Catholic persecution of the French Huguenots?

Persecution of Protestants officially ended with the Edict of Versailles, signed by Louis XVI in 1787. Two years later, with the Revolutionary Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 1789, Protestants gained equal rights as citizens.

What was the result of Louis XIV persecution of the Huguenots?

Finally, on Oct. 18, 1685, Louis XIV pronounced the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. As a result, over the next several years, France lost more than 400,000 of its Protestant inhabitants.

Why were the Huguenots expelled from France?

Huguenots were ordered to renounce their faith and join the Catholic Church. During the entire period between the early part of the sixteenth century to 1787, thousands of Huguenots left their homes in France for other countries because of recurring waves of persecution.

How did Louis persecution of the Huguenots harm France?

Louis’ persecution of the Huguenots harmed France through its alienation and persecution of an economically and socially productive sector of the French population, the skills and taxes of which were lost to the French crown as they fled.

What does Huguenot mean in French?

Huguenots were French Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who followed the teachings of theologian John Calvin. Persecuted by the French Catholic government during a violent period, Huguenots fled the country in the 17th century, creating Huguenot settlements all over Europe, in the United States and Africa.

What was the religion of the Huguenots in France?

Seventeenth-century France was predominantly Roman Catholic, but since the European Reformation – which had begun in the early-16th century – Protestantism had slowly grown in popularity in France, boasting more than two million followers by the end of the 16th century. These French Protestants were known as Huguenots.

When did the Huguenots get expelled from France?

1565 – Huguenot colony massacred at St. John, Florida by Pedro Menendez 1572 – Catherine de Medici orders an attempt to assassinate Huguenot leader Coligny 1572 – St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre kills as many as 100,000 Huguenots 1585 – Huguenots and other Protestants are ordered expelled from France (most stay)

What did King Francis do to the Huguenots?

They became known as Huguenots. King Francis I of France was initially tolerant towards them. From 1534, however, he turned against Protestants, brutally persecuting those who could not flee abroad. Individuals were burned at the stake and Huguenot villages destroyed.

How did the Edict of Nantes help the Huguenots?

The Edict of Nantes in 1598 was the greatest step towards religious toleration that France had seen. Protestants were now treated equally before the law and had the right to worship freely in private, and publicly in 200 towns that they could garrison. The Crown guaranteed their safety and subsidised the cost of their garrisons.