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Who named McMurdo Sound?

Who named McMurdo Sound?

Archibald McMurdo
Less than 10 percent of McMurdo Sound’s shoreline is free of ice. It is the southernmost navigable body of water in the world. Captain James Clark Ross discovered this sound, which is about 1,300 kilometres (810 mi) from the South Pole, in February 1841, and he named it after Lt. Archibald McMurdo of HMS Terror.

Why is McMurdo Sound mostly ice free?

Due to the severe weather at McMurdo Sound, less than 10 percent of the shoreline is free of fast ice. Frigid katabatic winds, a type of drainage wind that conveys high-density cold air down from areas of high elevation, drops from the Antarctic plateau and contributes to temperatures as low as -51°C (-60°F).

Is McMurdo Station in Antarctica?

McMurdo Station, located at 77 degrees 51 minutes S, 166 degrees 40 minutes E, is the largest Antarctic station. McMurdo is built on the bare volcanic rock of Hut Point Peninsula on Ross Island, the solid ground farthest south that is accessible by ship. The station was established in December 1955.

Who is McMurdo Station named after?

Lieutenant Archibald McMurdo
History. The station takes its name from its geographic location on McMurdo Sound, named after Lieutenant Archibald McMurdo of HMS Terror. Under the command of British explorer James Clark Ross, the Terror first charted the area in 1841.

Can you fly to Antarctica?

You can get to Antarctica by boat or plane. Flying to Antarctica takes 2 hours. Approximately 54,000 visitors make the journey each year, with around 50 expedition vessels sailing Antarctic waters each season.

How big is the McMurdo Sound in Antarctica?

McMurdo Sound, Antarctica McMurdo Sound and its ice-clogged waters extends about 55 kilometres (34 mi) long and wide. The sound connects the Ross Sea to the north with the Ross Ice Shelf cavity to the south via Haskell Strait. The strait is largely covered by the McMurdo Ice Shelf.

How does sea ice in McMurdo Sound change?

Sea ice in McMurdo Sound fluctuates from year to year based on local currents and weather patterns. For much of the past decade (shown in the animation), the giant B-15 iceberg altered currents and trapped sea ice in McMurdo Sound.

How is the McMurdo Sound connected to the Ross Sea?

The sound connects the Ross Sea to the north with the Ross Ice Shelf cavity to the south via Haskell Strait. The strait is largely covered by the McMurdo Ice Shelf. The Royal Society Range rises from sea level to 4,205 metres (13,796 ft) on the western shoreline.

Why is McMurdo Sound the coldest continent in the world?

Bitter katabatic winds spilling down from the Antarctic polar plateau into McMurdo Sound demonstrate Antarctica’s status as the coldest and windiest continent in the world. The McMurdo Sound freezes over with sea ice about 3 metres (9.8 ft) thick during the winter. The Antarctic summer causes the pack ice to break up.