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Why did Canadian government create treaties for the First Nations?

Why did Canadian government create treaties for the First Nations?

They are as relevant today as they were when they were signed. The Numbered Treaties were used as political tools to secure alliances and to ensure that both parties could achieve the goals they had set out for their peoples — both at the time of Treaty-making and into the future.

What was the purpose of the treaties Canada?

Treaties provide a framework for living together and sharing the land Indigenous peoples traditionally occupied. These agreements provide foundations for ongoing co-operation and partnership as we move forward together to advance reconciliation.

What was the motivation of the Canadian government in entering into treaty 7?

The Canadian government wanted to build a railway but in order to proceed, they had to acquire the land from the indigenous people. The government brought forward the idea of a treaty to the indigenous people who resided on the land on the plains that was needed for the railway.

What promises were made by the Canadian government in the treaty?

In exchange for their traditional territory, government negotiators made various promises to First Nations — both orally and in the written texts of the treaties — including special rights to treaty lands and the distribution of cash payments, hunting and fishing tools, farming supplies, and the like.

How did the Treaty of Utrecht affect Canada?

Utrecht, Treaty of Territorially, it resulted in major concessions by France in N America. In addition, France agreed to cede all claims to Newfoundland and to evacuate its base there at Plaisance (Placentia), although French fishermen retained certain rights on the Newfoundland coasts (see French Shore).

What did each side promise in Treaty 7?

Treaty 7 lands (courtesy Victor Temprano/ The written treaty ceded roughly 130,000 km² of land from the Rocky Mountains to the west, the Cypress Hills to the east, the Red Deer River to the north, and the US border to the south. All nations kept the rights to use the land for hunting.

What was the Canadian government’s policy on First Nations?

For most of the history of political interaction between Indigenous people and the Canadian government (and its colonial predecessors) government policy has focused on First Nations. The Inuit were barely acknowledged until the 1940s, while special responsibility for Métis and Non-Status Indians was largely denied until 2016.

How did the Canadian government change its relationship with the indigenous people?

In 1996, after five years of extensive research and interviews, the commission produced a highly critical report. It concluded that it was necessary to fundamentally change the relationship between the government and the Indigenous Peoples of Canada.

When did the Canadian government apologize to the First Nations?

Its report triggered the first public apology from the government. On January 8, 1998, Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development Jane Stewart delivered a written apology to Phil Fontaine (at that time the Grand Chief of the Assembly of First Nations). It was called a Statement of Reconciliation.

Who was head of Assembly of First Nations in 1988?

In 1988, George Erasmus, head of the Assembly of First Nations, warned the Canadian government that ignoring the rights and land claims of the Indigenous Peoples could lead to violence. “We want to let you know,” he said, “that you are dealing with fire.