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Why is steam used to power turbines?

Why is steam used to power turbines?

Large turbines are used to generate electricity. As hot, gaseous steam flows past the turbine’ spinning blades, steam expands and cools, giving off most of the energy it contains. This steam spins the blades continuously. The blades thus convert most of the steam’s potential energy into kinetic energy.

What is steam turbine working principle?

In simple terms, a steam turbine works by using a heat source (gas, coal, nuclear, solar) to heat water to extremely high temperatures until it is converted into steam. The potential energy of the steam is thus turned into kinetic energy in the rotating turbine’s blades.

What is the difference between gas and steam turbine?

The primary difference between steam and gas turbines is the fact that steam turbines receive power from expanding steam. Fuels such as natural gas can heat condensed water in a boiler, but it’s also possible to utilize renewable thermal energy for this heating.

How are steam turbines used to generate electricity?

Turbines also vary in how they cool the steam that passes through them. Condensing turbines (used in large power plants to generate electricity) turn the steam at least partly to water using condensers and giant concrete cooling towers.

Which is faster a wind turbine or a steam turbine?

Steam turbines use high-pressure steam to turn electricity generators at incredibly high speeds, so they rotate much faster than either wind or water turbines. (A typical power plant steam turbine rotates at 1800–3600 rpm—about 100–200 times faster than the blades spin on a typical wind turbine,…

What kind of steam does a back pressure steam turbine use?

The non-condensing steam turbine uses high-pressure steam for the rotation of blades. This steam then leaves the turbine at the atmospheric pressure or Higher Pressure. Back Pressure Steam Turbine is also called as Non Condensing Steam Turbine is mostly used in process steam industries or co-generation plants.

What happens when a steam turbine hits your body?

If 100°C boiling water hits your body, it cools down and gives up its heat; that’s the energy that burns you. If 100°C steam hits your body, it first turns back to water and then cools down, burning you the same way as the hot water but also giving up the latent heat of vaporization to your body.